AI Will Shape The Future 6G Network

With 5G networks rolling out around the world, engineers are turning their attention to the next incarnation – 6G. Mobile-phone technology has changed the way humans understand and interact with the world and with each other. It’s hard to think of a technology that has more strongly shaped 21st-century living.

The hype about 5G, the fifth generation of mobile standards, not only in Academia and Industry, but also in the Media is well-justified by the promised gains in terms of rate. 

The new generation will improve accessibility and reliability of wireless services, and respectively, the shift in the architecture model of 5G as opposed to its fourth generation (4G) predecessor and legacy systems.  The latest technology 5G is currently being deployed in select locations around the world. 

That raises an obvious question. What factors will drive the development of the sixth generation of mobile technology? How will 6G differ from 5G, and what kinds of interactions and activity will it allow that won’t be possible with 5G?

Today, we get an answer of sorts, thanks to the work of Razvan-Andrei Stoica and Giuseppe Abreu at Jacobs University Bremen in Germany. These guys have mapped out the limitations of 5G and the factors they think will drive the development of 6G. 

Their conclusion is that artificial intelligence (AI) will be the main driver of mobile technology and that 6G will be the enabling force behind an entirely new generation of applications for machine intelligence.

First some background. By any criteria, 5G is a significant advance on the previous 4G standards. The first 5G networks already offer download speeds of up to 600 megabits per second and have the potential to get significantly faster. 
By contrast, 4G generally operates at up to 28 Mbits/s, and most mobile-phone users will have experienced that rate grinding to zero from time to time, for reasons that aren’t always clear.

5G is obviously better in this respect and could even replace many landline connections. But the most significant benefits go beyond these headline figures. 5G base stations, for example, are designed to handle up to a million connections, versus the 4,000 that 4G base stations can cope with. That should make a difference to communication at major gatherings such as sporting events, demonstrations, and so on, and it could enable all kinds of applications for the internet of things.

Then there is latency, the time it takes for signals to travel across the network. 5G is designed to have a latency of just a single millisecond, compared with 50 milliseconds or more on 4G. Any gamer will tell you how important that is, because it makes the remote control of gaming characters more responsive. But various telecoms operators have demonstrated how the same advantage makes it possible to control drones more accurately, and even to perform tele-surgery using a mobile connection.

All this should be possible with lower power requirements to boot, and current claims suggest that 5G devices should have 10 times the battery lives of 4G devices.

So how can 6G better that? 6G will, of course, offer even faster download speeds, the current thinking is that they could approach 1 terabit per second. But what kind of transformative improvements could it offer? The answer, according to Stoica and Abreu, is that it will enable rapidly changing collaborations on vast scales between intelligent agents solving intricate challenges on the fly and negotiating solutions to complex problems.

Take the problem of coordinating self-driving vehicles through a major city. That’s a significant challenge, given that some 2.7 million vehicles enter a city like New York every day. 

The self-driving vehicles of the future will need to be aware of their location, their environment and how it is changing, and other road users such as cyclists, pedestrians, and other self-driving vehicles. They will need to negotiate passage through junctions and optimise their route in a way that minimises journey times. That’s a significant computational challenge. It will require cars to rapidly create on-the-fly networks, for example, as they approach a specific junction, and then abandon them almost instantly. 

At the same time, they will be part of broader networks calculating routes and journey times and so on. “Interactions will therefore be necessary in vast amounts, to solve large distributed problems where massive connectivity, large data volumes and ultra-low-latency beyond those to be offered by 5G networks will be essential,” say Stoica and Abreu.

Of course, this is just one example of the kind of collaboration that 6G will make possible.  Stoica and Abreu envision a wide range of other distributed challenges that become tractable with this kind of approach.

These will be based on the real-time generation and collaborative processing of large amounts of data. One obvious application is in network optimisation, but others include financial-market monitoring and planning, health-care optimisation, and “now casting”, that is, the ability to predict and react to events as they happen, on a previously unimaginable scale.  

Artificially intelligent agents are clearly destined to play an important role in our future. “To harness the true power of such agents, collaborative AI is the key,” say Stoica and Abreu. “And by nature of the mobile society of the 21st century, it is clear that this collaboration can only be achieved via wireless communications.”

That’s an interesting vision of the future. There is much negotiating and deals to be done before a set of 6G standards can even be outlined, let alone finalised. But if Stoica and Abreu and correct, artificial intelligence will be the driving force that shapes the communications networks of the future.

MIT Technology Review:       Arvix

You Might Also Read:

5G Mobile Technology Poses An Espionage Risk:

 

 

« Beware Of ‘How To' Guides To The Dark Web
Five Eyes Intelligence Chiefs Point The Finger »

CyberSecurity Jobsite
Perimeter 81

Directory of Suppliers

ManageEngine

ManageEngine

As the IT management division of Zoho Corporation, ManageEngine prioritizes flexible solutions that work for all businesses, regardless of size or budget.

ZenGRC

ZenGRC

ZenGRC - the first, easy-to-use, enterprise-grade information security solution for compliance and risk management - offers businesses efficient control tracking, testing, and enforcement.

BackupVault

BackupVault

BackupVault is a leading provider of automatic cloud backup and critical data protection against ransomware, insider attacks and hackers for businesses and organisations worldwide.

CSI Consulting Services

CSI Consulting Services

Get Advice From The Experts: * Training * Penetration Testing * Data Governance * GDPR Compliance. Connecting you to the best in the business.

Jooble

Jooble

Jooble is a job search aggregator operating in 71 countries worldwide. We simplify the job search process by displaying active job ads from major job boards and career sites across the internet.

Intrusion

Intrusion

Intrusion provides IT professionals with the most robust tool set available for performing in-depth research and analysis of network traffic.

National Security Authority (NBU) - Slovakia

National Security Authority (NBU) - Slovakia

The National Security Authority (NBU) is the central government body in Slovakia for the Protection of Classified Information, Cryptographic Services, Trust Services and Cyber Security.

Corvus Insurance

Corvus Insurance

Corvus' mission is to create a safer, more productive world through technology-enabled commercial insurance.

Squalio

Squalio

Squalio is an information technology group that delivers solutions and services for secure and effective IT management.

Armis

Armis

Armis offers the markets leading asset intelligence platform designed to address the new threat landscape that connected devices create.

National Cybersecurity Society (NCSS)

National Cybersecurity Society (NCSS)

The National Cybersecurity Society is a non-profit organization focused on providing cybersecurity education, awareness and advocacy to small businesses.

Newtech Recycyling

Newtech Recycyling

Newtech Recycyling specializes in the removal and disposal of IT infrastructure which has reached the end of its life cycle.

ProWriters

ProWriters

As a leading cyber insurance company, ProWriters offers flexible Cyber Liability Insurance coverage designed to cover privacy, data, and network exposures.

LTIMindtree

LTIMindtree

LTIMindtree is a new kind of technology consulting firm. We help businesses transform – from core to experience – to thrive in the marketplace of the future.

Stratia Cyber

Stratia Cyber

Stratia Cyber is an independent, technology agnostic company providing high quality, pragmatic cyber security consultancy and expertise.

E2E Technologies

E2E Technologies

E2E Technologies are a proactive, SLA-beating, managed service provider that busts the common stereotypes surrounding IT.

Nonprofit Cyber

Nonprofit Cyber

Nonprofit Cyber is a first-of-its-kind coalition of global nonprofit organizations to enhance joint action to improve cybersecurity.

All About Cookies

All About Cookies

All About Cookies is an informational website that provides tips, advice, and recommendations to help you with Online Privacy, Identity Theft Prevention, Antivirus Protection, and Digital Security.

Indevtech

Indevtech

Indevtech has been serving Hawaii since 2001, providing end-to-end managed IT services to small- and medium-businesses.

Cydea

Cydea

Cydea are an optimistic cyber security consultancy of experts in security, data, technology and design that want to build a safer, more secure world where more things go right.

Heyhack

Heyhack

Heyhack is a SOC 2 Type II certified automated penetration testing platform for web apps and APIs.