The AI Lock In Loop

Much more awareness is needed about the importance of making the right kind of ethical decisions in artificial intelligence, according to Azeem Azhar, an entrepreneur, investor and tech industry veteran with a keen interest in AI. 

He was referencing issues with Google’s racist imaging algorithm and the COMPAS recidivism algorithm “which is no better at predicting recidivism than random people.”

“It’s imperative that what we build are responsible AI systems.”

“My argument here is that AI systems are going to control the interface to resources. Whether that’s media, education, finance,” he said. “It’s imperative that what we build are responsible AI systems.”

It is an important issue to take into consideration when one thinks of the potential size of the AI industry. Some of the largest companies in the world right now are building artificial intelligence into their business models, said Azhar.

“Alphabet, Amazon and Facebook are really machine intelligence leaders and they have the application of machine intelligence in the core of their business models,” he said.

Azhar said that one of the reasons that these companies have been able to create so much value for their shareholders is something he has coined, “the AI lock-in loop.” He explained: “If you put some AI into a product, it will improve your product and it will create more usage, which will generate more data and that data can be used to improve your AI, which in turn improves your product, which in turn generates more usage and more data.” He said that, as a result, companies like Google have a really strong defence against new entrants to their markets.

According to Azhar, there is a lot of interest in artificial intelligence amongst CIOs and developers. He mentioned a Gartner survey of CIOs published at the end of 2017 which listed their priorities as AI and variations of it, such as “intelligent foundations”, “intelligent apps” and “conversational platforms”. 

He also spoke of a survey of developers which found that 90% were intending to have “done something in AI” by the end of 2018.

This is no surprise considering the large volumes of investment from venture capitalists and large technology firms. Azhar also said that venture capital deals that are going on in the AI space are taking place in every sector, including those that one wouldn’t necessarily expect, such as real estate and law. 

“Now we have tons and tons of deals going on there and that trend has continued,” he said. One research group looked at how enterprises are investing in cognitive and artificial intelligence technologies and calculated that $12 millions of investment was made into these tools, with 50% year-on-year growth expected through to 2021.

These high levels of investments may be a result of an extremely rapid rate of innovation, of which Azhar had first-hand experience. “Back in 2012, I ran a project to do some object detection for a product. We simply couldn’t get it to pass muster. 
“Now the quality of object detection that is available almost for free by these cloud APIs is surpassing human performance.” He added that, in 1994, “we couldn’t beat chequers algorithmically,” but by December 2017 Deep Mind released Alpha Zero which took less than four hours to teach itself chess and beat the world’s best chess-playing program.

Azhar said that edge computing is on the rise because a lot of applications, healthcare, personal and wearable, are being built that will need to have inference and learning at the edge. Therefore, a lot of investment is going into silicon hardware.

“If I have a robo-surgeon operating on me, I don’t want it buffering."

“We can’t afford latency. With edge computing, the time cost of sending something to a data centre and having it come back is too much,” he said. “If I have a robo-surgeon operating on me, I don’t want it buffering at the moment it is about to suture up my skin.”

Having intelligence at the edge will require a new class of silicon which is why there are over 25 companies now developing new chips. “We haven’t seen this level of investment in silicon hardware for decades and that’s going to lead to what I think is going to be called a new enterprise stack,” he explained.

The analysis of the potential of the artificial intelligence industry led Azhar to pose some questions. 

How do you articulate to the user how their data might or might not be used? How do you get informed consent? 

How do you build chips that are powerful, yet low-power?

How do you manage software and firmware updates in this new edge-based world?

How are you going to manage cyber security?

He underlined the importance of managing cyber security with an invented nightmare scenario. Azhar said: “Imagine the IoT AI threat where you are held hostage by smart locks which are being controlled by the smart fridge and there’s no way of getting the firmware update to release you.”

DataIQ:

You Might Also Read: 

The World Needs More Computing Power:

China Intends To Be An AI Superpower:

Artificial Intelligence Needs Regulation:

New IoT Chips See, Think & Act Autonomously:

 

« Eight Ways Cyber Threats & Business Security Will Change in 2018
The GDPR Deadline Is Near & Business Is Not Ready »

Perimeter 81

Directory of Suppliers

CSI Consulting Services

CSI Consulting Services

Get Advice From The Experts: * Training * Penetration Testing * Data Governance * GDPR Compliance. Connecting you to the best in the business.

DigitalStakeout

DigitalStakeout

A simple and cost-effective solution to monitor, investigate and analyze data from the web, social media and cyber sources to identify threats and make better security decisions.

Practice Labs

Practice Labs

Practice Labs is an IT competency hub, where live-lab environments give access to real equipment for hands-on practice of essential cybersecurity skills.

Perimeter 81

Perimeter 81

Perimeter 81 is a Zero Trust Network as a Service designed to simplify secure network, cloud and application access for the modern and distributed workforce.

BackupVault

BackupVault

BackupVault is a leading provider of completely automatic, fully encrypted online, cloud backup.

Jooble

Jooble

Jooble is a job search aggregator operating in 71 countries worldwide. We simplify the job search process by displaying active job ads from major job boards and career sites across the internet.

CYRIN

CYRIN

CYRIN® Cyber Range. Real Tools, Real Attacks, Real Scenarios. See why leading educational institutions and companies in the U.S. have begun to adopt the CYRIN® system.

ZenGRC

ZenGRC

ZenGRC - the first, easy-to-use, enterprise-grade information security solution for compliance and risk management - offers businesses efficient control tracking, testing, and enforcement.

Syxsense

Syxsense

Syxsense brings together endpoint management and security for greater efficiency and collaboration between IT management and security teams.

MIRACL

MIRACL

MIRACL provides the world’s only single step Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) which can replace passwords on 100% of mobiles, desktops or even Smart TVs.

Mellanox Technologies

Mellanox Technologies

Mellanox Technologies is a leading supplier of end-to-end Ethernet and InfiniBand intelligent interconnect solutions and services for servers, storage, and hyper-converged infrastructure.

Texplained

Texplained

Texplained specializes in security audits of microchips to identify vulnerabilities and protect against invasive cyber attacks.

Fidus Information Security

Fidus Information Security

Fidus is a team of security professionals providing Penetration Testing and Cyber Security Consulting services throughout the UK and worldwide.

Woz U

Woz U

Woz U provides best-in-class technology training for Learners, Higher-Ed and Corporations. We focus on the most in-demand occupations such as Software Development, Data Science and Cyber Security.

SMiD Cloud

SMiD Cloud

SMiD encryption technology has been developed following the highest security practices to allow the data availability, integrity and confidentiality.

IoT Defense

IoT Defense

IoT Defense (IOTD) is a cybersecurity and networking company building solutions that enable the protection of networks and the ever-increasing prevalence of IoT devices.

Baxter Clewis Consulting

Baxter Clewis Consulting

Baxter Clewis are cyber security and compliance experts. We provide Security Consulting, IT Assurance, and Technical Security services.

Hartman Executive Advisors

Hartman Executive Advisors

Hartman Executive Advisors is an independent technology advisory firm that works with business and nonprofit leaders to align IT solutions with business goals and strategy.